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When do sport teams' initiation ceremonies cross legal boundaries? Part 1

Class of '92
Initiation rituals are commonly used to mark the arrival of a newcomer. From welcoming a new member to a college fraternity, to an academy player graduating to the first team at a football club, they are seen as a way of engendering team spirit, promoting camaraderie and invoking a sense of quasi-brotherhood. However, they also tend to take place behind closed doors and apparently some tend to fall outside society’s generally accepted rules and principles.

How State aid rules are being applied to European football: Part 3 – case study of France and UEFA Euro 2016

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EU state aid law was thrust into the consciousness of the sporting world in late 2013 when the Commission announced the launch of State aid investigations into football clubs in Spain, including Real Madrid CF and Barcelona CF.1 The announcement followed the launch of a further investigation into Dutch football clubs.2

How State aid rules are being applied to European football: Part 1 – examples of the Commission’s approach

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In this three part series, Richard Craven explores the current status of State aid in European football.  In Part 1, he examines the rules governing State aid under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and examines relevant investigations that have recently been undertaken by the European Commission (the “Commission”) which illustrate how the rules are being applied to football.

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