What is the future for India’s football market?Adam Bull
In this series of feature blogs, the Sports Business Group at Deloitte offer financial commentary on some key activities in the global football industry. The second blog looks at the growth of football in India, and the potential of the market.
Football vs. Cricket
India is a country with a population in excess of 1.2 billion, and a football team that currently rank 167th in the world – just behind the Cook Islands. Such statistics are on occasion used to make the case that India is ‘not a football country’.
Cricket is India’s biggest sport, and India cricket’s biggest market. By definition, this makes the Indian Premier League (IPL), an eight team Twenty20 cricket tournament launched to much fanfare in 2008, a unique proposition. In terms of its profile, its commercial scale and the stature of the players it attracts it is unquestionably the world’s biggest annual cricket competition.
The IPL’s dominance has not stopped competitions of a comparable format being introduced in other sports, and nor should it. Whilst it is a vanishingly remote possibility that another sport could match or overhaul cricket’s supremacy in India in any foreseeable future, such is the scale of the market that being in second place could nevertheless prove very valuable.
A new dawn
One such competition, The Indian Super League (ISL), was launched in 2014.1 From October, when the tournament kicked-off in front of a stadium packed with 65,000 fans, to December eight teams played a round robin tournament before the top four progressed into semi-finals. Atlético de Kolkata were crowned champions with a 1-0 win over Kerala Blasters in the final in Mumbai.
The competition is a venture between IMG, Reliance and Star. The involvement of Bollywood stars and cricketing icons in the ownership and management of franchises served to mitigate any risk that football was not culturally significant enough to capture the imaginations of the Indian population. Names such as Sachin Tendulkar, MS Dhoni and Ranbir Kapoor coupled with those of Alessandro Del Piero, David Trezeguet and Elano provided sufficient stardust to ensure the competition got the coverage it required.
As was the case for IPL, the inaugural season exceeded expectations. Total attendances reached almost 1.6m, at an average per match of 26,030. The tournament, which was broadcast in five different languages in India, was reportedly watched by 426m individual viewers.
The road ahead
The above is testament to the scale of the opportunity for football in India, and will serve to place the tournament and its franchises in a strong position as they head into year two.
Short term focus for some may be on driving commercial values following a successful year one, but the medium to long term growth of the league will be dependent on a strategic approach to facilities, player recruitment and engaging with local and national markets.
In 2014, some clubs established partnerships with European football clubs, as they sought to import football-specific skills and knowledge from Western Europe. The opportunity and incentive to seek expertise from abroad remain; the success of such ventures will depend on the ability of ISL clubs to align their longer term interests, be they sporting or commercial, with those of their European counterparts.
We anticipate that in due course the market for the world’s biggest sport in the world’s second most populous country could support a commercially strong competition of more than eight teams. Expansion is likely to come with time, but for the immediate future the focus will be building on the existing foundations.
Note: ISL and MLS attendances are for the 2014 season; other attendances are for the 2013/14 season. Source: IMG; ESPN; Deloitte analysis.
The Sports Business Group at Deloitte is a team of 20 people based in the UK, working exclusively on sports business projects with clients across all sports around the world. This article was first published in the Deloitte Annual Review of Football Finance (2015 edition). Further information is available at www.deloitte.co.uk/arff.
This work was written for and first published on LawInSport.com (unless otherwise stated) and the copyright is owned by LawInSport Ltd. Permission to make digital or hard copies of this work (or part, or abstracts, of it) for personal use provided copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage, and provided that all copies bear this notice and full citation on the first page (which should include the URL, company name (LawInSport), article title, author name, date of the publication and date of use) of any copies made. Copyright for components of this work owned by parties other than LawInSport must be honoured.
- Two leagues one goal: should India’s two leagues merge to improve Indian football?
- ICC Media Release, 13 October - Outcomes from the ICC Board and Committee meetings
- Integrity in sports update: Cricket Australia pleased with results of amnesty
- Corruption in sport - why a global problem requires a global solution