French Competition Authority Issues..

Published 22 February 2011


On January 20, 2011 the French Competition Authority issued its opinion on the potential competition issues likely to arise following the enactment of the law of May 12, 2010 which opened the online gambling sector to competition.

The Authority decided on September 15, 2010 to initiate a self-referral and provide an opinion on several competition issues that had been raised, in particular by the EGBA, about the French online gambling market. The purpose was, in particular, to set up a framework providing the sport events organisers and the operators with guidelines intented to guide them when negotiating betting rights. As such, theaim was to examine “the market access conditions and notably the agreements providing betting rights”, as well as “the competition distortions that may be created within this framework, notably the provisions for establishing the remuneration for the right to offer bets”.

It took the Authority several months for to issue its opinion, that has been delayed several times. 

After completing its investigations and hearing many actors of the industry, the French Competition Authority finally delivered its opinion. The main points of such opinion could be summarised as follows:

  • Regarding betting rights agreement to be executed by online gambling operators and sport events organisers: the French Competition Authority acknowledges that if the fee requested by sport events organisers to grant a betting right is too high, it would have a negative impact on the entrance of new players in the market. The Authority invites the French online gambling regulator, ARJEL, to provide guidelines to fix the conditions for the negotiations of agreements between sport events organisers and operators. The fees should be regulated a priori and ARJEL should offer a mechanism to settle disputes related to such fees.
  • Regarding the access to data pertaining to horse races by new entrants: the Authority recommends the legislator to reinforce the regulatory provisions that warrant non discriminatory access of new entrants to all data pertaining to horse races. The Authority recommends designing a standard agreement which would list the information that the races organisers may request from operators in exchange for the data. ARJEL should set up a surveillance as well as specific sanctions to warrant the compliance which such obligations.
  • On the possibility for new entrants to compete with the former monopoly holder: considering that PMU and Française des Jeux (“FDJ”) still hold monopolies on the land-based distribution networks and on certain activities, the Authority recommends a legal and operational division of the activities which are conducted under the monopolies and the activities which are conducted in a market open to competition. The Authority also acknowledges the competition advantage granted to PMU considering the tremendous amount of bets collected, in particular through its land-based distribution network. It allows PMU to offer more complex bets to punters, with a better remuneration. The Authority recommends that the legislator clarifies the applicable regulation on this point. The Authority also recommends pooling the winnings between races, enable allow new entrants to offer bets to compete with those of the PMU.

Although one may not call this opinion revolutionary – as it does not per se condemn the betting right principle for example - it is clearly stating and acknowledging most of the competition issues that have been raised by newly licensed operators for months.

Although this opinion is not binding upon either ARJEL or the French government, it will be difficult for both to ignore it entirely. It will therefore be a powerful instrument in the hands of the operators to request that the law be amended along the lines set out by the French Competition Authority.

For further information on the above, please contact Diane Mullenex and Annabelle Richard at Ichay & Mullenex Avocats (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or +

Leave a comment

Please login to leave a comment.

Official partners 

Soccerex Core Logo
YRDA Logo2
SAC logo LawAccord

Copyright © LawInSport Limited 2010 - 2018. These pages contain general information only. Nothing in these pages constitutes legal advice. You should consult a suitably qualified lawyer on any specific legal problem or matter. The information provided here was accurate as of the day it was posted; however, the law may have changed since that date. This information is not intended to be, and should not be used as, a substitute for taking legal advice in any specific situation. LawInSport is not responsible for any actions taken or not taken on the basis of this information. Please refer to the full terms and conditions on our website.