Sanctioning footballers for social media posts: PSG & Neymar v UEFA
Since the seminal case in England of The FA v Ryan Babel in January 2011, in which the first case of social media misconduct for which charges were brough in English football, the English Football Association (The FA) have had to address improper conduct by participants (principally players) via social media on a number of occasions. Yet, given there is no recourse to the highest sport tribunal, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), from rulings of The FA and their judicial bodies, it wasn’t until earlier this year that we had a ruling from the CAS on this growing area of regulatory concern for governing bodies.
In Paris Saint-Germain & Neymar Da Silva Santos Junior v. Union des Associations Européennes de Football (UEFA) one of the most famous football players in the world, Neymar, brought an appeal to CAS against a decision by UEFA to ban him for comments he made in an Instagram post about the match officials following a Champions League match his team PSG lost to Manchester United in March 2019, in which he was not playing.
This article will build on a previous publication by the authors on social media regulation in sport from 2015 by analysing in-depth the Neymar CAS decision in light of other recent cases brought by both UEFA and The FA, comparing the approaches and highlighting key trends. The authors shall focus on “non-aggravated” instances of social media misconduct, which are those that do not make a reference, whether express or implied, to what is more commonly known as a “protected characteristic”. Specifically, it looks at:
- The facts and the UEFA Proceedings
- Relevant regulations
- Previous UEFA rulings on social media misconduct
- Decisive reasoning in the Neymar CAS Award
- The approach of the English FA to social media misconduct
- Social media posts directed towards match officials
- Social media posts directed at other parties
- Key takeaways and concluding remarks
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- Tags: Court of Arbitration for Sport | Disciplinary | Dispute Resolution | Football | Regulation | UEFA Control Ethics and Disciplinary Body | UEFA Disciplinary Regulations
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About the Author
Kevin is a advisor and member of the editorial board for LawInSport, having previously acted as editor. In his day-to-day work he has two roles: as the Principal for his own consultancy business Captivate Legal & Sports Solutions, and Special Counsel for Sports Integrity at leading global sports technology and data company Genius Sports.
Adam Pendlebury is a Senior Lecturer in Law at Edge Hill University and coordinator of Edge Hill’s Centre for Sports Law Research. His Sports Law research interest is in the regulation of misconduct, the regulation of injuries and the interaction between sport and the criminal law. He has published in peer reviewed journals, given papers at international conferences and helped organise a number of high profile Sports Law conferences. Adam previously lectured at the University of Central Lancashire, designing the Sports Law course and has been a regular guest lecturer on UCFB’s Sports Business and Sports Law degree. Away from the lecture theatre or conference hall, Adam is a massive Wigan Athletic football supporter and contributes to their fans’ podcast.