Football in shadows

Criminal Charges: Why Swiss Court Found Blatter & Platini Not Guilty And What Happens Next

In July 2022, a Swiss Federal Criminal Court (FCC) found former FIFA president Sepp Blatter and former UEFA president Michel Platini not guilty,1 following charges of corruption...

LawInSport Podcast

Horse racing on track
| Aaron Mojarras & Howard Jacobs

How The Horseracing Integrity & Safety Authority Will Change The Horseracing Industry

The establishment of the Horseracing Integrity and Safety Authority (HISA) marked a major change in the regulation of...
Cricket
| Craig Hogg & Caroline Timoney

The Importance Of Early Reporting & Preserving Evidence: Lessons From The Brendan Taylor Cricket Corruption Case

On 28 January 2022, the International Cricket Council (ICC) published two decisions relating to Brendan Taylor1, a fo...
What to watch 2022 - Central & South America
| LawInSport

Sports Law in 2022 – Key issues to watch in Central & South America

Here are the top sports law issues to watch out for in 2022 from Central and South America from the LawInSport E...
Festive Compilation - Central & South America
| LawInSport

Key Sports Law Cases And Developments Of 2021 – Central & South America

As we come to the end of a turbulent and challenging year, we wanted to take the opportunity to highlight t...
Cash and Cricket Ball In Hand
| Craig Hogg & Stephanie Williams

Upping the anti: ICC’s corruption unit hands out 8-year bans to UAE cricketers Ahmed & Hayat

On 29 June 2021, the International Cricket Council (ICC) published another significant decision in the area of cricke...
Young Man Playing Video Game
| Daniel Kozelko

ESIC’s novel sanctioning methods in the CS:GO “coach spectator bug” case

In the last year the professional Counter Strike: Global Offensive (CS:GO) scene has been rocked by significant alleg...
| Patrick Ashby, Anna Gooding, Max Blinder-Acenal

The NCAA College Basketball Bribery Scandal: The Scheme that Continues to Shake Collegiate Sports

In September 2017, U.S. federal law enforcement officials arrested ten individuals, including four Division I NCAA co...
Gaming Laptop With Mouse and Headphones and Image Of A Game With Two Men With Guns On Screen
| Daniel Kozelko

Fighting Fraud And Match Fixing In Esports - ESIC Refer Team Akuma Case To Valve

In May 2021 EPIC Esports Events, in association with the Russian eSports Federation (RESF), organised and ran the EPI...
| David Hopkins

ICC v Heath Streak: A Landmark Eight Year Ban For Corrupt Conduct

Cricket has been bedevilled by match fixing and rigged spot betting over recent years, with several high-profile scan...
Title image - Compass pointing towards integrity
| Jeremy Moller; Peter Mulligan

Prioritising Consistency & Compliance: A Review Of Australia's National Integrity Framework For Sport

Sport Integrity Australia[1] (SIA) was established in 2020 pursuant to the Sport Integrity Australia Act 2020&nb...
| William Procter

ICC's Excluded Persons Policy: Checkmate To Manipulation In Cricket?

With effect from January 1, 2021, the International Cricket Council Anti-Corruption Code for Participants[1] (Code) h...
| Louis Weston

Sports Integrity (Betting And Financial Corruption) – The Year In Review 2020/21

Welcome to the Sports Integrity (Betting and Financial Corruption) chapter of the Sports Law Yearbook 2020/2021. ...
| Will Procter

Team Owners In Crossfire Over Cricket's Anti-Corruption Rules: ICC v Deepak Agarwal

The International Cricket Council Anti-Corruption Code for Participants[1] (the Code) aims to deter a “Participant” (...
| Brian O’Neill QC & Julia Faure Walker

Criminal Prosecution Of UK Football Agents: How FA Regulations Overlap The Bribery Act

In December 2019[1], following a two months’ trial at Southwark Crown Court, Giuseppe Pagliara and Dax Price (footbal...
| Bjoern Hessert

2021 Tennis Anti-Corruption Program - Important Changes To Courtsiding & Inside Information Rules

The International Tennis Integrity Agency (ITIA)[1] (previously called the Tennis Integrity Unit) is the anti-corrupt...
| Alastair Campbell

Betting On Inside Information In Football: Lessons from the Trippier and Sturridge cases

The recent cases of The FA v. Kieran Trippier[1] and The FA v. Daniel Sturridge[2] have highlighted what is likely to...
| Fulcrum Chambers and Ed Gross

Practical Considerations For Introducing A ‘Fit And Proper Test’ To Elected Members Of World Rugby’s Council

Relatively unnoticed during the COVID-19 pandemic was the announcement by World Rugby that they were launching an ind...
| Oliver Harland

Regulating Against Competition Manipulation In Sport

Financial pressures caused by the COVID-19 pandemic threaten to increase the incidence of competition manipulation (f...
Title image of rugby player - Sports law in 2021 – key issues to watch in UK & Ireland
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2021 – key issues to watch in UK & Ireland

Here are the top sports law issues to watch out for in 2021 from the UK and Ireland from the LawInSport Editorial Boa...
Envelope passing hands
| Álvaro Gómez de la Vega

When football administrators end up in prison - the ongoing case of Racing de Santander’s former managers

Racing de Santander has been a historical football team within the Spanish football and has had to deal with some dif...
| Alex Griffiths, Daniel McDonagh, Danielle Sharkey

Where are we now? One year on from the third International Forum for Sports Integrity

In October 2019 delegates from over one hundred stakeholders in sport gathered in Lausanne for the third Internationa...
Indian sports law update: BCCI conflict of interest cases and IPL’s Covid-19 rules
| Manan Agrawal

Indian sports law update: BCCI conflict of interest cases and IPL’s Covid-19 rules

With the recent and much anticipated return of the Indian Premier League (IPL), this Indian sports law update exami...
Man Playing CS-GO
| Lawinsport

Cheating in esports: a review of ESIC’s "coach spectator bug" decision

On 2 September 2020 the Esports Integrity Commission (ESIC) announced that it was issuing lengthy bans to three ...
Football gloves
| Wayne Barnes, Edmund Gross

The curious case of Wigan Athletic and the English Football League’s owners & directors test

On 1 July 2020 Wigan Athletic Football Club (Wigan) went into administration. It is a sorry fall from grace for a Clu...
Data money
| Mark Warren, Karel Nihom

Online video gaming: another front in the war against money laundering

The rapid – and mainstream – rise of gaming and esports is not all good news for those in the market. With an increas...
Sports betting
| Louis Weston

Sports integrity (betting and financial corruption) – the year in review 2019/20

Welcome to the Sports Integrity (Betting and Financial Corruption) section of the LawInSport Year in Review series 20...
Esports Player
| Daniel Kozelko

Cheating in esports: a review of the “emilshe1n” decision and the role of ESIC in esports regulation

This article was updated on 5 August 2021 to include reference to the successful appeal by Emilsh1en to the sanc...
junior cricketer
| Aahna Mehrotra, Pratyush Pandey

More than just a number: how India is trying to tackle age fraud in sports

At the MAK Pataudi Memorial Lecture 2015-16, former Indian cricket captain, Rahul Dravid, spoke on the need to combat...
Sports Betting
| Udo Seckelmann

Hedging your bets: how to regulate Brazil’s multi-billion-dollar sports betting market

In Brazil, casinos and book makers have been banned since 1946, and yet the act of placing a sports bet is not exactl...
Baseball Batter
| Christina Goodrich, Trevor J. Wynn

How the Houston Astros went from victims of cyber-espionage to perpetrators of a bombshell cheating scheme

The old adage goes, if you can’t beat them, join them.  But, at what cost does joining come? Two years ago, the...
Fantasy Sport
| Joseph M. Hanna

New York appellate court rules fantasy sports is illegal gambling

The New York Appellate Division, Third Department, has ruled that fantasy sports betting is illegal gambling in New Y...
Title image Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in North America
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in North America

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
Title image Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Central & South America
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Central & South America

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
Title image Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Asia & Australia
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Asia & Australia

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
title image Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Europe
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Europe

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
Title image of player pointing to back - Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Africa & Middle East
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in Africa & Middle East

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
Title image Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in UK & Ireland
| Chris Bond

Sports law in 2020 - key issues to watch in UK & Ireland

As a new year (and a new decade!) begins, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights int...
Title image with map of Asia & Australia
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 – Asia & Australia

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
Map of Africa & Middle East with title text
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 – Africa & Middle East

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
North America
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 – North America

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
Title image of flags in countries of Central and South America
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 – Central & South America

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
2019
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 – Europe

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
2019
| Chris Bond

Key sports law cases and developments of 2019 - UK & Ireland

As we come to the end of another hectic year, we wanted to take the opportunity to identify and provide some insights...
Gym Bike
| Jack Gale

A review of British Cycling’s decision to suspend the first ever national eRacing champion for cheating

This article reviews the recent decision by British Cycling to disqualify and ban the National eRacing Champion of 20...
| Felipe Amaral Pestana, Rafael Terreiro Fachada

How the Brazilian Football Association has regulated bridge transfers

On September 2018, FIFA announced the key points of the reform of its transfer system, as by the Football Stakeholder...
Gamer
| Daniel Kozelko

The tension between content creators and game publishers: FaZe Jarvis’s Fortnite ban for aimbot use

Epic Games, the creator of the blockbuster battle royale game Fortnite, has recently banned a leading content creator...
Rugby Players
| Louise Skinner, Chris Warren-Smith

Best practice for sports organisations when managing betting compliance risks (the Rob Howley case)

The sports betting industry is growing at an unparalleled rate. Thanks in no small part to the US Supreme Court openi...
Whistleblower Law
| Louis Weston, Sarah Crowther QC

How game theory can help us design more effective whistleblowing polices for sports (Part 2)

This two part article considers how sports bodies can design more effective whistleblowing polices. Part 1 (availabl...
Whistleblower Law
| Louis Weston, Sarah Crowther QC

How game theory can help us design more effective whistleblowing polices for sports (Part 1)

“Whistleblowers”1 can play a vital role in protecting the integrity of sports. They have they been responsible for un...
Sports Betting
| Jodi Balsam

Legislating for game integrity as U.S. states legalize sports betting

With its May 2018 decision in Murphy v. NCAA,1 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the federal Professional and Amateu...
Gaming Station
| Oliver Fairhurst

Cheating in video games – lessons from Blizzard’s successful case against cheat and bot developer

Blizzard, the video game developer and publisher behind hugely successful games such as World of Warcraft, Starcraft ...
Football Pitch and TV Camera
| Chris Bond, Farai Razano

Controversy in African football: Why the 2019 Champions League final highlights fundamental concerns over due process at CAF

“You are what you do, not what you say you'll do.” Carl Gustav Jung This article reviews the events arising out of...
Data Systems
| LawInSport

Tackling match-fixing in Switzerland: the new duties on International Sports Federations to monitor & report suspected match manipulations

In 2014, the Member States of the Council of Europe (which includes Switzerland) signed the Macolin Convention on the...
Football Player
| Tiran Gunawardena, Rustam Sethna

An overview of the new FIFA Disciplinary Code

15 July 2019 marked the coming into effect of the new FIFA Disciplinary Code (FDC)1, which was notified to all member...
Cricket - Sri Lanka
| Anujaya Krishna

The state of Sri Lankan cricket: corruption, sanctions and amnesty

“You would do well to love cricket for it is more free from anything sordid, anything dishonourable than any game in ...
Medal
| Tom Bruce

Sports governance - the year in review 2018/19

In a rapidly changing world, sport is increasingly subjected to technological, socio-economic and geo-political devel...
Doping in sport
| Richard Liddell & William Harman

Sport and anti-doping – the year in review 2018/19

The last twelve months have seen high-drama and new law across the anti-doping world. The review below is necessarily...
Sports Integrity
| Louis Weston

Sports integrity (betting and corruption) – the year in review 2018/19

Welcome to the sports integrity (betting and corruption) “year in review”. This article identifies and review some of...
Sport Corruption
| Keith Oliver, Craig Hogg

Transparency International UK’s strategies for combatting corruption - A guide for sports organisations

In October last year, Belgian authorities charged 19 people, including referees, agents and football coaches with all...
Esports in South Korea
| Emin Ozkurt

Esports in South Korea – a short overview of the legal ecosystem

South Korea has always been at the center of esports. In the late 1990’s, the South Korean government decided to buil...
Sports in Sweden
| Jamie McDonald, Maria McDonald

How Sweden’s new gaming and betting market works and its potential impact on the sports industry

A new Swedish Gambling Act1 (the Act) entered into force on 1 January 2019. The Act represents a complete overhaul of...
Esports India
| Shaun Star, Nirav Bakshi

The growth of esports in India – a short review of the main legal and regulatory challenges

Esports is booming throughout the India, helped by the proliferation of fast broadband connections and a population o...
In-stadium betting
| Aaron Swerdlow

In-stadium, real-time sports betting in the United States – an overview of legal issues facing clubs and leagues

Last May, the United States Supreme Court struck down the federal ban on sports betting, marking the start of a new e...
Council of Europe
| Leigh Thompson

An assessment of the Council of Europe’s recommendations on the promotion of good governance in sport

On 12 December 2018 the Council of Europe’s Committee of Ministers issued a set of recommendations for member states ...
Cricket players and Indian Flag
| Kevin Carpenter

Establishing the optimum sports betting regulatory system to protect the integrity of Indian sports

Sports betting is a global phenomenon. Thanks to advances in mobile technology, principally mobile phones, and the pe...
Football players on field
| Lydia Banerjee

A review of FIFA’s Code of Ethics 2018

On 12 August 2018 FIFA’s revised Code of Ethics1 (Code) came into force. The Code has made a number of changes to the...
Australian multi sports
| Cassandra Heilbronn

Key points from the Report of the Review of Australia's Sports Integrity Arrangements

In August 2018, the Report of the Review of Australia's Sports Integrity Arrangements1 (Report) was released by the R...
Cricket ball closeup
| Jack Anderson

Why ‘winning without counting the costs’ must end – thoughts on The Ethic Centre’s findings into Cricket Australia’s culture

The "withering" findings in The Ethic Centre’s review1 of Cricket Australia’s culture and governance have implic...
Football manager on field
| Richard Barham

A guide to the Owners' and Directors' Test in English football

The owners' and directors' test (also known as the "fit and proper person test") is a test that is applied to directo...
US sports on field
| Steven Flynn and Rick Parry

How to build a US gambling system that protects the integrity of sports (key takeaways from Great Britain)

This article considers how the integrity of US sports can be protected from the risks associated with gambling follow...
Fantasy Sports
| Richard L. Brand , Glenn C. Colton Jennifer O'Sullivan

What the Supreme Court’s Murphy v. NCAA Decision Means for Fantasy Sports

Ever since the United States Supreme Court issued its decision striking down the federal ban on state sponsored sport...
Football stadium and data graphs
| Andrew Nixon

Data collection from sports events: a nonexclusive future?

With the UK football leagues entering the final year of their current data partnerships and the ever-increasing focus...
Boxing Gloves
| Tom Bruce, Emily Jamieson, Tom Rudkin

The IOC’s intervention of AIBA – is this a turning point for international sports governance?

The topic of governance has never been more relevant than it is today. Whether it is the widespread criticism of fina...
Football tackle
| Laura McCallum, Philippa Lombardi

UEFA and Financial Fair Play: A review of the AC Milan decision and 2018 changes to the regulations

UEFA’s Club Financial Control Body today issued its decision1 regarding AC Milan’s infringements of the Club Licensin...
Global network connection
| Marc Henzelin, Giulio Palermo and Teresa Mayr

Why ‘national platforms’ are the cornerstone in the fight against match-fixing in sport: the Macolin Convention

The system of "national platforms" as envisaged under the Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competition (...
Hands typing on a keyboard
| Danielle Sharkey, Hannah Kent

The role of Information Sharing Agreements in tackling corruption and doping in sport

Information Sharing Agreements have recently been making the news, with the Austrian Play Fair Code and Sportradar an...
Cricket Bowler Holding Ball
| Rustam Sentha, Rishab Lingam

“Sandpapergate” - Is the ICC doing enough to combat ball tampering in cricket?

"Sandpapergate", the ball-tampering scandal involving the Australian cricket team was described, among other things, ...
Tennis ball on blue court
| Kevin Carpenter

Proportionality of athlete sanctions - A review of the Nick Lindahl match-fixing case

In December 2017, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) heard the appeal of Professional Tennis Integrity Officers...
Referee writing on notepad
| Adam Brickell

The use of betting evidence to combat match-fixing: A review of the Joseph Lamptey decision

On 15 January 2018, FIFA published on its website a motivated arbitral award of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (C...
Betting live on iPad
| Nick Fitzpatrick, Ruth Hoy

The major global challenges in managing data to protect sporting integrity

  The author spoke at Sportel in October about data issues in relation to the regulation of sport, particularly...
| Adam Craggs, Michelle Sloane

An introduction to the Criminal Finances Act 2017 and how it affects the UK sports industry

All of us working in the sports industry should be aware of the new Criminal Finances Act 20171 (the Act), ...
Ball dissolving in air over a football pitch
| Henry Goldschmidt

Football's greatest threat: Why technology & stakeholder collaboration are key to combating global match-fixing

The integrity of football has faced significant challenges in recent years – from governance failures and alleged vot...
| John Wolohan

Sports Betting in the United States: Supreme Court begins hearing Christie v. NCAA

On Monday, December 4, 2017 the United States Supreme Court began hearing legal arguments in Christie v. National Col...
| Christian Keidel

A guide to Germany’s new criminal law against betting fraud and match-fixing in sports

In 2005, the German sports world was shaken by a match fixing scandal. The referee Robert Hoyzer (amongst others) put...
Baseball catcher on field
| Rick Liddell, Kevin Cooper

'An Apple Watch in play to keep the pitcher at bay’: Major League Baseball’s latest cheating scandal

Cheating is as old as sport itself.  It comes in various forms and has different levels of sophistication, inclu...
Multiple sports on black background
| Gemma White and Louis Weston

Why sport needs a unified approach to sanctions for corruption offences

In contrast to the World Anti Doping Agency’s (WADA) well known codified sanctions for doping violations, there is no...
Syringe in vial with transparent gloves
| Rupert Beloff

A reference guide to the Russian doping scandal and response to the McLaren Reports

This is an extract from the Anti-Doping chapter of the LawInSport & BASL Sports Law Yearbook 2016/17. To access o...
A person holding sports tickets in their hand
| Louise Millington-Roberts

Ticket fraud: A review of the UK’s legislative developments to regulate the secondary ticket market

This article was updated on 27th July 2018 This section considers the on-going developments in England & Wales t...
Multisports athletes running under stadium rights
| Daniel L. Wallach, Kevin Carpenter, Leigh Thompson, Jack Anderson

The integrity framework that can save the ‘Game Act’ and serve as a model for U.S. sports betting legalization

This article suggests enhancements to the proposed bill called the Gaming Accountability and Modernization Enhancemen...
Riders_on_horses_racing_during_competition
| Kevin Carpenter

Key points from the Review of the BHA's Disciplinary Panel, Licensing Committee and Appeal Board

One of the author’s recent articles for LawInSport[1] analysed and drew the lessons from the comprehensive Integrity ...
Man holding football and money in his hands
| Philip Hutchinson & Tiran Gunawardena

Betting in football – Was The FA’s decision on Joey Barton a fair one?

Burnley FC midfielder Joey Barton is the latest high profile footballer to be sanctioned by The Football Association ...
Handshake by a gavel on the table
| William Clerk

The rebalancing of power - the need for greater transparency in sports tribunals

Sports governing bodies (“SGBs”) sit at the pinnacle of the sports that they regulate and they wield great power over...
Football inside of a no sign
| Phillip Bonner

Football’s zero tolerance rule on betting bites once again - Wayne Shaw pie eating case

As the fifth round FA Cup tie between Sutton United v Arsenal entered its 83rd minute, and with the non-league side t...
Bribe being expected with a handshake
| Neil Swift & Gareth Farrelly & Craig Hogg

Bribery in football and corruption at the IAAF – How does the Bribery Act 2010 apply?

The turn of 2016/2017 saw several high-profile corruption allegations levelled against football and athletics executi...
Man betting on sport on a phone with laptop open
| Jamie Singer and Ross Brown

Can suspicious betting alerts prove match fixing? The case of KS Skënderbeu v UEFA

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) recently published its Decision on KS Skënderbeu’s appea...
| Manali Kulkarni

Is whistleblowing in sport fit for purpose? Part 1 – The current picture

This two-part article explores whether the existing cultures and regimes of whistleblowing in sport are fit for purpo...
| Manali Kulkarni

Is whistleblowing in sport fit for purpose? Part 2 – Analysis and recommendations

This two-part article explores whether the existing cultures and regimes of whistleblowing in sport are fit for purpo...
Gavel_with_Cuffs_and_Books

Fighting sports corruption in India: A review of the National Sports Ethics Commission Bill 2016

In early 2016, a new Bill known as the “National Sports Ethics Commission Bill 2016” was introduced to the Indian Par...
Baseball_Catcher_Crouched

Sport, corruption and the criminal law: the need for an expert investigative body

On October 2nd 1919, the opening day of Game One in the World Series, the Philadelphia Bulletin published a poem whos...
| Manali Kulkarni

Rio 2016: How Brazil is clamping down on ticket touts at the Olympic Games

On 4 April 2016, the Brazilian and international press reported that the Consumer Crime Unit (Delegacia do Consumidor...

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Copyright © LawInSport Limited 2010 - 2022. These pages contain general information only. Nothing in these pages constitutes legal advice. You should consult a suitably qualified lawyer on any specific legal problem or matter. The information provided here was accurate as of the day it was posted; however, the law may have changed since that date. This information is not intended to be, and should not be used as, a substitute for taking legal advice in any specific situation. LawInSport is not responsible for any actions taken or not taken on the basis of this information. Please refer to the full terms and conditions on our website.