Yves Jean-Bart v FIFA: Observations from a safeguarding regulation perspective
The Court of Arbitration for Sport (“CAS”) recently announced that it upheld an appeal by the former President of the Haitian Football Federation, Yves Jean-Bart, against a decision of 18 November 2020 issued by the Adjudicatory Chamber of the FIFA Ethics Committee imposing a lifetime suspension and a fine of CHF 1 million for violation of the FIFA Code of Ethics1. The allegations against Mr Jean-Bart were very serious, including abusing his position and the sexual harassment and abuse of various female players, including minors.
It is fair to say that CAS Panel’s decision was a controversial one. Following the decision being announced, FIFPRO questioned “football’s ability to offer effective remedy for serious human rights violations”2 and Human Rights Watch asked (rhetorically) “How can survivors of sexual abuse be expected to report abuse to FIFA if this travesty of justice is the outcome?”3 (both organisations had engaged with investigations into Mr Jean-Bart’s conduct).
CAS itself released a media release, explaining (among other things) that “the Panel of Arbitrators unanimously noted inconsistencies and inaccuracies in the statements of the victims and witnesses presented by FIFA … the Panel did not consider the information contained in documents prepared by third parties, such as HRW and FIFPro, to be sufficiently evidentiary … [and] the Panel of Arbitrators considers that the evidence against Yves Jean-Bart regarding the allegations of sexual abuse is inconsistent, unclear and contradictory”.4
For its part, FIFA (which was among the first international federations to actively address abuse in sport5) has filed an appeal against the CAS Panel’s decision before the Swiss Federal Tribunal (requesting an annulment and referral back to CAS), noting that “FIFA is concerned that this award contains a number of very serious procedural and substantive flaws, including the CAS Panel’s failure to evaluate key pieces of evidence that were offered by FIFA”.6
The purpose of this brief article is not to critically assess the rights or wrongs of the proceedings or the manner in which they were conducted by any relevant party, not least because the case has not concluded, the author had no involvement in the case, and has read only a machine generated French to English translation of the CAS Panel’s decision.7 The purpose of this article is to make a few general observations of broader application with reference to the case, which might be of use to sports regulators in considering their own approaches to safeguarding regulation and proceedings involving allegations of abuse. These observations concern:
- panel selection and composition,
- the difference between ‘disciplinary’ and ‘safeguarding’ proceedings,
- the standard of proof,
- protecting witnesses, and
- the scope of review on appeal.
To continue reading or watching login or register here
Already a member? Sign in
Get access to all of the expert analysis and commentary at LawInSport including articles, webinars, conference videos and podcast transcripts. Find out more here.
- Tags: Athlete Welfare | Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) | Dispute Resolution | FIFA | Football | Regulation & Governance | Safeguarding | Safesport | Sports | Swiss Federal Tribunal | United Kingdom (UK) | United States of America (USA)
- Safeguarding Athletes: Why World Athletics' New Policy Raises The Bar
- Top 10 Tips For Launching An ‘Independent Review’ In Sport
- Safeguarding Proceedings - How To Balance The Rights Of The Accused With Treatment Of The Abused?
- The Whyte Review Into British Gymnastics: Key Safeguarding Lessons For Sports Governing Bodies
- Ten steps sports organisations must take to better protect children in sport
- Removing Cross Examination Requirements: What impact could the proposed changes to Title IX have on accused students?
I am an experienced and practically minded sports lawyer, working as a partner in our Media, Entertainment & Sports Group at Bird & Bird in London.
Having trained and qualified at a major city firm, I began my career as a sports lawyer in 2011, working as an in-house lawyer at The FA. In 2014 I went back into private practice with a highly respected boutique sports law firm, before joining the market-leading practice here at Bird & Bird in 2016.
As a consequence, I have experience of advising a wide range of sports organisations (including national and international governing bodies, event organisers, clubs, and rights-holders) across a wide variety of legal issues. I have developed a deep understanding of the wider practical challenges faced by such organisations.