An overview of FIFA’s ‘Phase 2’ reforms – agents, loans and clearing house

Published 08 October 2019 By: Tiran Gunawardena, Rustam Sethna

Football Players

Stakeholders in world football have witnessed a host of regulatory changes brought about by FIFA, particularly over the last two years.

FIFA’s 6 year cooperation agreement1 with FIFPro (the World Players’ Union), entered into in November 2017 to improve the governance of professional football was a catalyst for the several changes that have followed.

Most recently, in September 2019, FIFA announced2 two significant changes, namely:

  1. a mandatory cap on agent commissions, as part of the re-regulation of agent activity; and

  2. the regulation of the loan system.

These changes, along with the proposed clearing house formed the second phase of reform (Phase 2 Reforms) and were discussed in detail by Mr Emilio García Silvero, Chief Legal Officer at FIFA at the International Congress on Football Law held in Madrid in the last week of September 2019 (RFEF Congress).

This article will provide an overview and analysis of the Phase 2 Reforms.


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Tiran Gunawardena

Tiran Gunawardena

Tiran Gunawardena is a Senior Associate (Australian Qualified) in the London sports law team at Mills & Reeve LLP.

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Rustam Sethna

Rustam Sethna

Rustam is an Indian qualified lawyer and sports law paralegal at Mills & Reeve, Manchester. He has recently completed a Master’s degree in International Sports Law from Instituo Superior de Derecho y Economía (ISDE), Madrid (2018 edition) and has previously gained 3 PQE as an Associate with AZB & Partners, one of India’s leading full-service law firms.

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